Traumatic brain injury, otherwise known as TBI, is a brain injury that occurs due to some kind of impact to the head region – commonly through an accident or event sports. Traumatic brain injuries can range from mild to severe.
There are basically two kinds of traumatic brain injury, penetrating injuries and closed head injuries.
Signs and symptoms of traumatic brain injuries include the following:
Traumatic brain injury is diagnosed by a speech-language pathologist. The pathologist may use the help of doctors, nurses or other therapists like physical therapists and even neuropsychologists. It needs to be understood that the more severe the head injury, like a car accident which involved collision, or violence such as home abuse, gunshot wound or combat injuries, the more severe would be the symptoms of the condition.
Traumatic brain injuries can be mild, where the worse that happens are a few stitches to the head. But if the injury is severe, it could give way to the patient going into coma, get into a vegetative state or even be proclaimed brain dead. This is the reason why it is suggested that no matter how insignificant the injury may seem, it should be treated immediately.